Non-GMO means non-genetically modified organism.  A GMO, or genetically modified organism, can be a plant, animal, microorganism or other organism whose genetic makeup has been modified in a laboratory using genetic engineering or transgenic technology. Scientists and environmental groups have cited many health and environmental risks with foods containing genetically modified organisms GMOs.  By doing this creates combinations of plant, animal, bacterial and virus genes that do not occur in nature or through traditional crossbreeding methods. This has been caused many issues, some of which have been listed below:

Increased use of toxic herbicides and pesticides : 

GMO crops have been modified to tolerate higher levels of herbicides to enable the eliminating of bugs without harm to the plants. This may rid the plant of bugs however higher toxin residues are left on the plant and any run off, causes disastrous effect for surrounding ecosystems.

Pleiotropy :

Pleiotrophy is when you altering a DNA Cell it in any way, creating new consequences in the cell’s composition, as well as its relationship with other cells. it is impossible to predict the impacts of even a single gene modification.

Contamination :

GM crops can and do cross pollinate with wild and non-GM plants. Other sources of contamination are the inadvertent spread of seed by farm machinery, as well as mixing seeds during storage. Cross pollination will not only contaminate wild plants, affecting their natural genetic makeup, but will seriously compromise any organic or non GM farming system. Despite claims that GM and non-GM can co-exist, it is patently untrue. 

Genetic modification affects many of the products we consume on a daily basis. As the number of GMOs available for commercial use grows every year. 

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